Security Research Projects

European research projects involving the UIC Security Division

Why?

The main role of the security division is to meet the requirements of UIC members in matters of security and, with regard to technology, support (if not defend) their needs and priorities vis-à-vis the supply industry. In particular, the division represents members through European projects, where the aim is to pool efforts in the general interest.

The security division strives to anticipate members’ needs and to respond by pooling their research efforts, thus enabling members to benefit from progress made in the area of research while spending less.

PNGBy participating in European projects, the security division strengthens the representation of the railway sector compared to other transport sectors, and helps members to look forward and develop future strategies in the area of security. Therefore, whenever possible, the security division tries to anticipate threats and vulnerabilities to the railway system ahead of time, with a view to ensuring comprehensive protection of railway activities and strengthening the resilience of systems and organisations.

How?

The range of projects in which the security division is involved focuses on current and innovative issues within the field of security, addressing topics such as cyber crime, crisis management, media management in crisis situations, human and organisational factors, and security culture. This therefore helps to consolidate knowledge, developments in new technology and innovative concepts both from a technological as well as a human and organisational standpoint.

In practice, the security division coordinates and/or has an active role in several European projects such as PROTECTRAIL, RESTRAIL, SECRET, CIPRNet, PREDICT, GRAFFOLUTION, and TETRIS, and has positioned itself strategically with regard to future projects. The division can have a number of roles: disseminating results, or positioning itself more strategically, particularly on subjects where the outcomes may impact the railways; it also acts as project coordinator when required, with the aim of defending and providing for the needs of members.

PROTECTRAIL - The Railway-Industry Partnership for Integrated Security of Rail Transport

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Description:

Protectrail is a research project in the field of security, proposed in the framework of the seventh programme for research and technological development (Call for Proposals for Security Research (FP7-SEC-2009-1) published on 3 September 2008.

The task is to develop an integrated system to improve the security of rail transportation through better protection of railways and trains, and to reduce disparity in security between European railway systems. This will include the immunity of signal and power distribution systems against electromagnetic terrorism, the detection of abnormal objects on or under ballast; clearance of trains before daily use; control of access to driver’s cabin, detection of unauthorised driver; new methods/tools to isolate and secure luggage; as well as a study and tools to reduce disparity of European railway systems’ security. The action will demonstrate the potential of the European rail transportation systems for improved protection and homogeneity.

Duration:

1 September 2010 - 30 June 2014

Consortium:

Leadership : ANSALDO (ASTS – IT)
29 partners (BE, DE, FR, IT, IL, LT, NL, PL, SK, TR, UK)

  • Industry: Alstom, Bombardier, Morpho, Smiths, Thales, TNO…
  • Research institute: CEA, Eppra, Kingdom University, SODERN,…
  • Rail companies : IK, LITRAIL, PKP PLK, RFI, SNCF, TCDD, ZSSK
  • Associations : UIC, UNIFE

Benefits for rail:

The ProtectRail project offered us the opportunity:

  • To get state-of-the-art of latest security technologies
  • To study applicability to railway infrastructure
  • To provide the industry with railway recommendations & definition of needs
  • To bring the “operational” point of view and to enhance accuracy between industry developments and railway needs
  • To obtain funding to study some existing and potential railway security issues

Website: http://protectrail.eu

RESTRAIL - Reduction of suicides and trespasses on railway property

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Framework:
RESTRAIL is a research project in the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7-SST-2011-RTD1), call transport published on 20 July 2010 (Budget call: 26 millions Euros)

Main objectives:

  • Analyze causes of suicides and trespasses on railway properties based on existing data, studies and research results
  • Identify most efficient mitigation measures and analyze their conditions of success in the rail environment
  • Field test some selected measures and evaluate their effectiveness
  • Propose a toolkit of the most relevant and cost-effective measures and recommendations at European level both to reduce the occurrence of incidents as well as to manage incidents.

Description of work

The aim of the RESTRAIL project is to reduce:

  • the occurrence of suicides and trespasses on railway property and
  • the costly service disruption these events cause,

by providing the rail industry with an analysis and identification of cost-effective prevention and mitigation measures.

The project starts by identifying the state of the art of best practices and research findings (inside and outside Europe) combined with an analysis of factors (internal to railways or external such as media communication) influencing the occurrence of suicides and trespasses and their consequences, based on official data sources and other collected data. This work will consider hotspots and other high risk access points such as level crossings, station platform ends and bridges.

This is followed by an assessment of existing countermeasures (technical and soft) for reducing suicides, preventing trespasses and mitigating the consequences on rail operations. Attention will then be given to the development of new approaches particularly those involving soft measures. The project will demonstrate some selected measures in order to evaluate the findings and finally develop recommendations and guidelines.

This project is led by railways since it is a rail related topic which aims to answer the concerns of the rail industry. However an essential feature of the project is the involvement of a wide range of relevant professional expert knowledge in the areas of human science and health, law enforcement, emergency services, education and social services, media and communication, road and rail. This will ensure the project output is of practical use to all who can be involved with suicides and trespasses.

The final outcome will be a toolkit, accessible through a user friendly interface (for consultation and continuous update) in order to support the decision-makers in taking practical steps to reduce suicides and trespasses and to mitigate the consequences once an event occurs.

Added value:

  • Multi-disciplinary and multi-national expertise of the consortium partners and advisory group members The rail stakeholders-oriented results with their strong involvement
  • The evaluation of existing measures in the rail environment and their conditions of success
  • field tests of some selected measures which will demonstrate their efficiency
  • Availability of a set of recommendations and tools for decisions makers all over Europe taht will make them aware of the problems and the related solutions.
  • Broad dissemination of a toolbox containing the most efficient measures through conferences and workshops organised by UIC at international level and also by the partners at national level : a specific focus on decision makers will be a guarantee of efficiency

Duration:

1 October 2011 - 30 September 2014

Consortium:

  • 17 partners from 12 countries : BE, DE, ES, FI, FR, IT, IL, NL, PL, SE, TR, UK Coordination by UIC (Security division)
  • UIC and 7 of its members : DBAG, FFE, IK,INFRABEL, PRORAIL, TCDD, TRAFIKVERKET
  • 3 research centres : VTT (FI), CIDAUT (ES), INRETS (FR)
  • 3 Universities : HMGU (DE), KAU (SE), UNott (UK),
  • 3 industries : ASTS (IT), MTRS3(IL), NICE (IL)

Advisory group:

SNCF, NETWORK-RAIL, RAILPOL, MOSTRA (communication agency), PTFE (Spanish railway technology platform), OSPI project, HIT, Madrid metro, Spanish general direction of traffic….

Coordinator: UIC, 16, rue Jean Rey – 75015 Paris – France

Contact: Ms Marie-Hélène Bonneau : bonneau@uic.org

Website:

SECRET - SECurity of Railways against Electromagnetic aTtacks

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Framework:

SECRET is a research project in the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7-SST-2011-RTD1), call transport published on 20 July 2010

SECRET project objectives:

  • identify the vulnerability points at different levels (from the electronic to the systemic vision)
  • identify EM attack scenarios and risk assessment (service degradation, potential accidents, economic impacts…)
  • identify public equipment which can be used to generate EM attacks
  • develop protection rules to strengthen the infrastructure (at electronic, architecture and systemic levels)
  • develop EM attack detection devices and processes
  • develop resilient architecture able to adequately react in case of EM attack detection
  • extract recommendations to ensure resiliency and contribute to standards

Technical content / scope:

SECRET addresses the protection of railway infrastructure against EM attacks. Railway infrastructure is an attractive target for EM attacks, because of its familiarity and ease of access, with extended economic and security consequences.

Today, the European rail network is evolving to harmonize the management system. This is reflected by new integrated technologies, adequate procedures and centralization of command centres. The new technologies facilitate the implementation of a harmonized system and improve the network competitiveness.

However, they are also highly vulnerable to EM attacks (HPM and EMP). Railway actors fear this growing EM vulnerability and have no knowledge on the extent and severity of consequences.

The risk of EM attacks is also increasing due to the higher use of interoperable systems (command/control, information systems). The harmonization of the European railway network results in a harmonized EM vulnerability. Thus, a device to generate EM attacks will have the same impact anywhere in Europe, facilitating the implementation of simultaneous EM attacks.

Meanwhile, with the proliferation of wireless systems, access to radiated emission equipment is radically democratized, which facilitates the manufacture of EM interference transmitters able to disturb the technologies used for management of the railway network.

Consortium

  1. (Coordinator) IFSTTAR (France)
  2. ALSTOM TRANSPORT S.A. (Belgium)
  3. Fraunhofer Institute IAIS Germany)
  4. Politecnico di Torino (Italy)
  5. SNCF (France)
  6. TRIALOG (France )
  7. UIC (International)
  8. University of Liege, Institut Montefiore (Belgium)
  9. University of the BasqueCountry (Spain)
  10. ZANASI Alessandro Srl (Italy)

Duration

1 August 2012 - 30 November 2015

UIC Role

  • Expression of end user to needs for the whole rail sector
  • dissemination of the results among its members - Management of classified data

Website: http://secret-project.eu

CIPRNET - Critical Infrastructure Preparedness and Resilience Research Network

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Framework

CIPRNet is a research project in the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7-SEC-2012.7.4-2 : Networking of researchers for a high level multi-organisational and cross-border collaboration.), 5th transport call published in July 2011.

CIPRNET project Objectives

The objectives are to implement new capabilities for supporting more effective responses to disasters that affect or originate from multiple CI. In particular, create added-value decision-support capabilities for national and multi-nation emergency management and CI owners based upon integrating technologies available at CIPRNet partners. Also to support the secure design of Next Generation Infrastructures, demonstrate timely, actionable, risk-informed CIP analyses and strategies for au-thorities (both nationally, cross-border, and EU-wide) and CI owners.

Description

The Critical Infrastructure Preparedness and Resilience Research Network (CIPRNet) will establish a Network of Excellence in Critical Infrastructure (CI) Protection R&D for its stakeholders.

CIPRNetwork will provide concrete and long-lasting support from the CIP research com-munities to the initial audience, enhancing their preparedness for CI-related emergencies, and provide knowledge and technology to other stakeholders for improving the understanding and mitigation of the consequences of CI disruptions.

Duration

1 March 2013 - 28 February 2017

Consortium

13 partners from 8 countries (BE ,CA, CH, DE, FR, IT, NL, PL)
Leadership: Fraunhofer (Germany)
Partners: ENEA (Italy), TNO (Netherlands), UIC (France), CEA (France), JRC (Italy), UCY (Cyprus), UTP (Poland ) , UCBM (Italy),UBC (Canada), ACRIS (Switzerland)

Benefits for rail

CIPRNet will reinforce and extend the existing cooperation and integration of the CIPRNet core partners and will turn it into a long-lasting integration.

The CIPRNet consortium represents experiences with over sixty CIP-related research projects from all of the major EU funding lines. This constitutes an unprecedented assembly of excellence and top expert knowledge in the CIP research area.

In CIPRNet UIC is an end-user in the railway infrastructures sector. Additionally, UIC will actively contribute to dissemination activities to its members, within CIPRNet, and more. UIC will also add end-user perspectives from the railway transport domain on the joint research activities, the VCCC, and the definition of realistic scenarios. UIC will host one of the CIPRNet workshops with end-users.

Website: http://ciprnet.eu

PREDICT - PREparing for the Domino effect in crisis siTuation

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Framework

PREDICT is a research project in the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7-SEC-2013.4.1-2 “Better understanding of the cascading effect in crisis situations in order to improve future response and preparedness and contribute to lower damages and other unfortunate consequences”), 6th transport call published in July 2012

Description

The aim of the PREDICT project is to provide a comprehensive solution for dealing with cascading effects in multi-sectoral crisis situations covering aspects of critical infrastructures. The PREDICT solution will be composed of the following three pillars: methodologies, models and software tools. Their integrated use will increase the awareness and understanding of cascading effects by crisis response organisations, enhances their preparedness and improves their response capability to respond in case of cascading failures.

PREDICT project will start from a deep analysis of recent cases (over 8500 incidents worldwide), which will be accompanied with scenarios of potential crisis. Project partners will set up a generic approach (common framework) to prevent or mitigate cascading effects which will be applied in selected cases agreed with end-users. As modelling each phenomenon separately in a specific environment is not effective, PREDICT project will propose cohesive and comprehensive models of dependencies, cascading effects and common m ode failure which will include causal relations, multi-sectoral infrastructure elements and environment parameters, as well as the human factor aspects.

Duration

1 April 2014 - 31 March 2017

Consortium

Leadership: CEA( France)
Partners: , Fraunhofer (Germany), TNO (The Netherlands), VTT (Finland), CEIS (Belgium), ITTI(Italy) ,Thales Netherlands, VRZHZ (the Netherlands), SYKE (Finland) and UIC (France).

Benefits for rail

PREDICT will deliver software tools bundled in PREDICT Incident Evolution Tool, which will consist of two core components: a Foresight and Prediction Tool (for simulation of the evolution of cascading effect and impact on multi-sectoral dependencies) and a Decision-Support Tool (for determining the best course of action and to calculate the risk associated with them).

The high-quality of the developed solutions will also be assured by the strong involvement of end-users in the project. End-users will intervene at three levels: as partners of the consortium, as members of the Advisory Board, and representatives from relevant organisations across Europe invited to regular workshops.

Website: http://predict-project.eu

GRAFFOLUTION

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Framework

GRAFFOLUTION is a research project in the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7-SEC), 6th transport call published in July 2012.

Description

Graffolution aims at building an innovative dual web-based awareness and prevention framework which involves local experts and stakeholders as well as sprayers and citizens to act together against graffiti vandalism. The framework contributes to raise the awareness on illegal graffiti and its negative consequences on individuals and the whole community.

Stakeholders such as cities, public transport services and law enforcement agencies will be enabled to share their knowledge and learn from each other to setup or adjust their graffiti vandalism prevention strategies based on reliable data and approved methods. Stakeholder collaboration and information exchange will be enforced on a national and pan-European level. The Graffolution project also places emphasis on the support of the whole community to build up access to successful alternatives for adolescents and young adults to live out their creativity without damaging public or private property.

Duration

31 March 2014 - 28 February 2016

Consortium

Leadership: SYNYO GmbH, an SME based in Vienna, Austria
Partners: University of Barcelona (Spain), University of Arts London (UK), Sine –Institute gGmbH (Germany), Ferroccarrills de La Generalitat de Catalunya, London Borough of Islington and UIC.

Involvement of UIC security divison for rail

UIC is involved in several WPs of the project including the collection of information on European railways graffiti prevention initiatives and best practices (WP2). On WP4, UIC is involved in demonstration activities and definition of end users’ needs and expectations for the rail sector. UIC also provides support to the dissemination (WP5) of results through the UIC members wide information network.

Website: http://project.graffolution.eu

BODEGA - BOrDErGuArd

Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control

Framework
BODEGA is a three-year research project selected in the EU’ Framework Programme for Research and Innovation - Horizon 2020 within the topic BES-14-2014: Ethical Societal Dimension, Human factors in border control - Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control.
The aim of the project is to build an expertise at the European level about Human Factors at border lines in a way to enhance its efficiency without side effects to the end users (border control agents and managers and land, air and maritime travellers).

BODEGA project Objectives
  • to investigate and model Human Factors in border control to provide innovative socio-technical solutions for enhancing border guards’ performance of critical tasks, support border management decision-making, and optimize travellers’ border crossing experience.
  • to develop a PROPER toolbox which integrates the solutions for easy adoption of the BODEGA’s results by stakeholders in border control. PROPER toolbox which will integrate ethical and societal dimensions to enable a leap of border control towards improved effectiveness and harmonisation across Europe.

Duration
June 2015: Starting of the project for a duration of 36 months.

Consortium:
Leadership : VTT (Technical Research Center of Finland)
Fourteen partners from seven European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, Finland, Greece and Italy) : CEA, AIT, Thales, UIC, CEIS, University of Namur, ATOS, Zanasi & Partners, Ubium, Happywise, Hellenic Border Guard, Finnish Border Guard

Involvement of UIC security divison for rail
BODEGA has made the strong choice to include several important end-users, each of them being representative of the different types of border crossing which can be met in Europe: railway borders out of the Schengen area, maritime borders and their specificity in detection of goods, road borders and air borders in the Schengen area.

Within this framework, the UIC security division role will be to represent the railways in the management of the constraints related to border control, implement railway field studies and disseminate the results to the members.

This project is important for the rail sector since it will contribute to improve the efficiency and attractiveness of rail transport by facilitating the flow of regulars travelers and speeding up border crossing for regular travel saving time for these travelers.

Website: http://bodega-project.eu

TETRIS - Terrorists in Europe Targeting Railway InfrastructureS

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Duration

1 July 2015 - 30 June 2016

Consortium

5 partners from 3 countries (BE ,FR, DK)
Leadership: CEIS (Belgium)
Partners: FRS (France) , UIC (France), CRISE (France), FHFRS (Denmark)

Project description:
TETRIS supports member States in their counter-terrorism strategies by
developing tools allowing for a better understanding of the terrorist threats
targeting railway systems and training those involved in managing the
consequences of an attack.

  • The TETRIS project provides EU Member States, special transport police forces, firefighters, railway operators and private contractors, securing railway networks, with a typology of terrorist groups as well as typical scenarios of attacks, which could be used for operational and training purposes.
  • TETRIS will support the users in this endeavor by developing tools allowing for a better understanding of the terrorist threat targeting railway systems, and enabling the training of the actors engaged in the management of the consequences of an attack.
  • The end-users will be immersed in a crisis management exercise, during which the tools provided by the project will enable them to visualize the consequences of a terrorist attack and take decisions to mitigate the crisis with the support of a role-play tool.

Benefits for rail
The project will deliver the following outputs:

  • A threat assessment tool enabling the analysis of operational capabilities of terrorist groups and operational components of an attack. The project compiled and analyzed a data base of 259 terrorist attacks which were perpetrated in Europe since the 1970s, to identify cases of attacks against railway infrastructure and to identify trends in the way attacks against railway infrastructures were conducted.
  • Identification of typical scenarios stemming in the threat assessment tool. Based on the analysis of the gathered information, different options for the scenario of a terrorist attack were identified and validated by end-users during a workshop.
  • Specifications and guidelines for the organization of an exercise. A basic exercise scenario was developed and augmented by numerous inserts allowing participating entities to perform a crisis management exercise at different levels (management level, ops center level) and in different forms (table top, staff exercise).
  • A platform, allowing the simulation of the consequences of an attack. A 3D simulation tool that provides the visualization of the described scenario, in a 3D animation, showing the events and the consequences for the exercise participants.
  • Building on the lessons learned, the project will deliver recommendations and a user-manual for future exercises.
  • A public dissemination report of the non restricted findings of the project and an exploitation plan.