Together with standardisation and promotion of railways, research is part of the core business of UIC and, indeed, was the reason for the creation of the organisation in 1922. UIC is committed to supporting the efforts of its members to address today’s operational questions and issues and to build better railways while also considering future needs.

General context of the business activity

Since the beginning of the 2010s, there has been a significant push on the part of political institutions at global, regional and national level for the overall transport system to provide better responses to changing user needs and expectations. Sustainable, seamless, comfortable and integrated mobility is becoming the key issue for a world population that is constantly growing and moving and is more crucial than ever to economic performance.

As part of the global transport system, the railway system is an important provider of transport solutions for the mobility of goods and people all over the world. Railways offer good performance in terms of safety, environment, total journey time, low emissions and low energy. However, given the increasing need to address climate change and deliver excellent services to customers, railways must explore and develop their potential to offer attractive urban, regional and long-distance mobility as part of an integrated multimodal chain, and can no longer operate in isolation as a transport mode.

As a future-oriented global industry, railway transport is striving to offer an even more sustainable, attractive, affordable, safe, clean, competitive and reliable transport mode, well placed within and interlinked with the other modes in the global transport system. The railway sector must constantly innovate and harmonise products, technologies, methods and processes in order to thrive and to provide customers with the services they need.

Investment in research, development and innovation (RDI) is the critical element for development and further integration of the railways in the multimodal transport chain. This has not proven easy, given the series of recessions that have disrupted the world economy since 2008. Contrary to what may have been expected, the economic crisis has generated a strong and sustained push toward more research and innovation as a key element of new economic policies. RDI is promoted as a critical instrument in generating sustainable growth and employment with due regard for climate change mitigation. If the railway sector wants to keep growing and become the backbone of the world’s transport system, a focus on and support for adequate investment in research and innovation must be pursued tirelessly.

Achievements to be highlighted

UIC Research Portal (& database)
UIC Innovation Awards
UIC participated in 32 projects of FP7, 15 projects in Horizon 2020 and 1 in the Internal Security Fund - Police programme

Publications

railway-research.org

Research, together with standardisation and promotion of railways, is regarded as one of UIC’s core business activities. UIC is committed to supporting the efforts of its members to resolve current and future operational issues and problems in order to build better railways. The long-standing cooperation between UIC and its members is characterised by constant exchange of information based on the results of research projects (conducted by our members, leading rail research institutes and academia), benchmarking and studies and research, development and innovation, as well as the development of common standards.

The UIC research portal is intended to play a crucial role in facilitating this process. This portal collects and maintains information from numerous global sources. Its primary purpose is to build on information shared by our members and research institutes and by industry-leading research providers used and recommended by our members, as well as data obtained by linking up globally with other rail research databases.

Research ranges from gathering information and best practice to developing new knowledge and demonstrating the feasibility of study results. Research may be carried out through internal UIC projects and by taking part in external projects such as those funded by the European Commission’s Framework Programme for Research (also open to non-EU-based UIC members). Such projects include the FP7 and Horizon Europe projects.

UIC plays an important coordination role for the global railway operating community (ROC) in terms of research and innovation. The International Rail Research Board (IRRB) is a working body supporting members at global level, while the Research and Innovation Coordination Group (RICG) provides member support at European level.

The IRRB (International Rail Research Board) is tasked with research serving our membership worldwide. It is currently chaired by Mr Boris Lapidus of VNIIZhT/RZD, who works in close cooperation with an international team of three vice-chairmen and with the group’s members. The IRRB is tasked with effectively meeting the needs of the railways in the field of research performance and keeping abreast of innovations and the results of research activities conducted in the international community to support the process of enhancing railway transport in order to obtain a competitive advantage, while also contributing to the development and support of the scientific community by helping to identify relevant and popular research topics and potential customers or consumers. The IRRB has made some important progress in the implementation of its “Global Vision for Railway Development” strategy document and is working actively to develop and update this document to respond to future challenges.

The RICG (Research and Innovation Coordination Group), chaired by Mr Bo Olsson of Trafikverket with Mr Jürgen Maier (BLS) and Ms Karin Biffiger (SBB) as vice-chairs, is UIC’s second research-focussed working body, mainly supporting European UIC members. It is tasked with coordination of members’ research efforts, preparing common positions on European research and innovation strategy and priorities for EU funding and defending UIC members’ vision at ERRAC (European Rail Research Advisory Council to the European Commission). The RICG also has a role in facilitating member participation in EU-funded research projects, either through UIC services or directly.

At ERRAC level, UIC assumed secretariat duties in 2018 with a mandate for three years. In liaison with the European members and the RICG, the new Secretary supports the work of ERRAC, notably the implementation of its new Rail 2050 Vision and the definition of research and innovation priorities for the next decade (to 2030) in pursuit of this vision.

UIC also contributes to the organisation of the WCRR (World Congress on Rail Research) every two years, gathering the global rail research and innovation community around a theme to debate and exchange on the latest developments in the sector and beyond. The next edition of the event, with “rail research to enhance customer experience” as its guiding theme, will take place in Tokyo, Japan, from 28 October to 1 November 2019 at the Tokyo International Forum.

In addition, the IRRB and UIC organise innovation awards every two years to promote the railway sector and stimulate the creativity of its researchers and engineers in addressing the challenges inherent in the sector in order to develop solutions that will lead to the train becoming the backbone of future transport systems.

Reference to how the business is organised

The Research and Innovation unit is a transversal unit supporting UIC’s technical departments and members in organising and coordinating research efforts. Liaising with the European institutions with regard to research and innovation, and promoting railway research and innovation to both global and national institutions, the unit actively supports two member-led working bodies (IRRB and RICG), provides secretariat services to ERRAC and contributes to the organisation of two major events which alternate each year: the WCRR and the UIC Innovation Awards.

UIC Research team
Mr Jerzy Wisniewski, Director Fundamental Values and Middle-Eastern Region Coordinator
Mr Martin Brennan, Head of Research and Innovation at UIC; Secretary of ERRAC
Mr Dennis Schut, Research Manager in charge of WCRR and UIC Innovation Awards
Mr Axel Gougelet, Programme Coordinator

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